Clinical Pharmacology

A person responsible for the delivery, development, and quality of the study programme:


prof. Martin Wawruch, MD, PhD.

Institute of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology, Sasinkova 4, Bratislava



Teachers of the profile subject:

Assoc. prof. Martin Čaprnda, MD, PhD.

Assoc. prof. Andrea Gažová, PharmDr., PhD.


Study advisor of the study programme:

prof. MUDr. Martin Wawruch, PhD.,  e-mail: (personal contact after agreement via e-mail) 


List of the supervisors:

prof. MUDr. Martin Wawruch, PhD., doc. MUDr. Martin Čaprnda, PhD., doc. PharmDr. Andrea Gažová, PhD., doc. PharmDr. Tomáš Tesař, PhD., MPH, MBA, RNDr. Silvia Líšková, PhD. 


Place/s of realisation of the study programme:

The Medical Faculty, Comenius University in Bratislava and its parts seat, including clinical workplaces, which are part of university hospitals providing an education of students at Faculty of Medicine, CU in Bratislava, with which the university has concluded ‘Contracts on practical training’ (University Hospital Bratislava, National Institute for Children's Diseases, Merciful Brothers University Hospital, St. Elizabeth Cancer Institute, National Oncological Institute, National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease)


Awarded academic degree: doctor ("philosophiae doctor", in short, "PhD. ")


The language in which the programme is organised: Slovak, English


The standard length of study in academic years: four years (internal form) / five years (external form)


Graduate profile and learning objectives:  

The content of the PhD. study programme 'Clinical Pharmacology' is focused on studying Clinical Pharmacology in terms of implementation of the knowledge of Basic Pharmacology into clinical practice. During the doctoral study, a student in this study programme acquires knowledge in the field of pharmacology and clinical pharmacology and knowledge about the methods of pharmacodynamic and toxicologic screening (Safety pharmacology) and clinical assessment of drugs before marketing authorisation.

During the study, the student learns independently to formulate a scientific problem, formulate a scientific hypothesis, prepare and realise a scientific experiment, use laboratory and pharmacoepidemiologic methods in research, objectively assess obtained results and their statistical analysis. The main aim of these activities will be the theoretical and practical management of methods of drug utilisation research. The PhD student uses these methods within the quality management of pharmacotherapy and in pharmacotherapeutic audit. The graduates from the study programme will be focused on the following fields of Clinical Pharmacology: pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, toxicology of drugs, immunopharmacology, pharmacogenetics, drug-drug interactions, adverse drug reactions, molecular pharmacology, pharmacoeconomics and pharmacovigilance.

The requirement for the completion of the study programme is also the ability to present the research results to experts at conferences and scientific events and publish the papers in professional journals. The results of creative, experimental work contribute to scientific progress and knowledge. Still, their good scientific value allows their application in various branches of medicine, for example, internal medicine, paediatrics, geriatrics, neurology, psychiatry, oncology and other clinical disciplines in which pharmacotherapy represents a key therapeutic modality.



Graduates are sought at the healthcare workplaces (Departments of Clinical Pharmacology, Clinics of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics). Graduates from the doctoral studies might find employment in the frame of education as university teachers or scientific research workers at universities focused on medicine, healthcare science, public healthcare and biology.

Graduates from the study programme Clinical Pharmacology at the Faculty of Medicine CU in Bratislava master a broad spectrum of scientific methods used in biomedical research (laboratory methods of determination of plasmatic drug concentrations, methods of pharmacoepidemiology and drug utilisation research), which they can creatively apply in their work and contribute to the development of the scientific knowledge. They are qualified for successful employment in the team leading on a broad spectrum of scientific and research institutions focused on medical or pharmaceutical sciences. They are professionally prepared to work creatively in scientific institutes of the Slovak Academy of Sciences at various research levels.

A doctor – Clinical Pharmacologist belongs among their other possible occupation that, however, for independent performance require also accredited specialisation education in the healthcare occupation.


Evaluation of the study programme quality by employers:

A request to assess the quality of the submitted study programme was sent to selected employers to express their opinion on the need for a new doctoral study programme focused on medical biology and clinical genetics. Delivered letters are available at the Department of scientific-research activities, doctoral studies and international relationships of the Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Bratislava