Internal Diseases

 A person responsible for the delivery, development, and quality of the study programme:

prof. Juraj Payer, MD, PhD. MPH, FRCP, FEFIM 

V. Department of Internal Medicine FM CU, Ružinovská 6, Bratislava



Teachers of the profile subject:

prof. Viera Štvrtinová, MD, PhD.

Assoc. prof. Peter Jackuliak, MD, PhD.

Assoc. prof. Tomáš Koller, MD, PhD.

Assoc. prof. Soňa Kiňová, MD, PhD.


Study advisor of the study programme:

Assoc. Prof. Peter Jackuliak, MD, PhD., MPH, FEFIM, e-mail:  (personal contact after agreement via e-mail)


List of the supervisors:

Prof. Juraj Payer, MD, PhD., MPH, FRCP, FEFIM, prof. MUDr. Viera Štvrtinová, PhD., doc. MUDr. Peter Jackuliak, PhD., doc. MUDr. Tomáš Koller, PhD., doc. MUDr. Soňa Kiňová, PhD., doc. MUDr. Soňa Balogová, PhD., prof. MUDr. Angelika Bátorová, PhD., doc. MUDr. Jozef Bulas, CSc., doc. MUDr. Martin Čaprnda, PhD., doc. MUDr. Denisa Čelovská, PhD., doc. MUDr. Ľuboš Drgoňa, PhD., doc. MUDr. Martin Dúbrava, CSc., prof. MUDr. Andrej Dukát, CSc., doc. MUDr. Eva Goncalvesová, PhD., doc. MUDr. Zdenko Killinger, PhD., prof. MUDr. Silvester Krčméry, CSc., doc. MUDr. Marek Kučera, PhD., prof. MUDr. Viera Kupčová, CSc., doc. MUDr. Martin Kužma, PhD., doc. MUDr. Ján Lietava, CSc., doc. MUDr. Ľudovít Lukáč, PhD., doc. MUDr. Juraj Maďarič, PhD., doc. MUDr. Viliam Mojto, PhD., prof. MUDr. Ján Murín, CSc., doc. MUDr. Peter Rohoň, PhD., doc. MUDr. Peter Sabaka, PhD., doc. MUDr. Mária Szántová, PhD., doc. MUDr. Emőke Šteňová, PhD., prof. MUDr. Viera Štvrtinová, PhD., doc. MUDr. Zuzana Žilinská, PhD.


Place/s of realisation of the study programme:

The Medical Faculty, Comenius University in Bratislava and its parts seat, including clinical workplaces, which are part of university hospitals providing an education of students at Faculty of Medicine, CU in Bratislava, with which the university has concluded ‘Contracts on practical training’ (University Hospital Bratislava, National Institute for Children's Diseases, Merciful Brothers University Hospital, St. Elizabeth Cancer Institute, National Oncological Institute, National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease).


Awarded academic degree: doctor ("philosophiae doctor", in short, "PhD. ")


The language in which the programme is organised: Slovak, English


The standard length of study in academic years: four years (internal form) / five years (external form)


Graduate profile and learning objectives:  

The graduate of the doctoral study program in Internal Medicine masters scientific methods of research and development in the study field of internal diseases (internal medicine) and/or in its branches and related fields including cardiology, angiology, gastroenterology, hepatology, nephrology, endocrinology, diabetology and metabolic disorders pneumology, rheumatology, haematology and transfusiology, infectology, clinical immunology, allergology, clinical oncology, occupational medicine, sports medicine and geriatrics and gerontology to the extent necessary to solve a given scientific problem. The student is capable of independent creative scientific activity in the relevant field. During the study, the student will learn to independently formulate a scientific problem, formulate a scientific hypothesis, prepare, and implement a scientific experiment, use imaging and laboratory methods in research, objectively evaluate the results and their statistical analysis. The requirement to complete the study program is also the ability to present their own research results to the professional public at conferences and scientific events and in the form of publishing articles in professional journals. The results of creative experimental work not only contribute to the development of science and scientific knowledge, but their proper scientific value allows their clinical application in various fields of internal medicine.

The profile of a graduate of the doctoral study field of Internal Medicine is given by the profile of an internist who must master the basics of general internal medicine. The graduate should theoretically and practically master all basic propaedeutic examination methods and be able to use them in a suitable way in making a diagnosis. Theoretically, it must master the possibilities of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of basic disease units in all fields of internal medicine (cardiology, angiology, pneumology, gastroenterology, nephrology, haematology, rheumatology, endocrinology, diabetology, lipidology, infectology, clinical toxicology and). The student knows the specificity of disease manifestations in old age. He can differentiate emergencies and provide first aid. The student masters the principles of resuscitation. He acquired practical skills and abilities for basic examination methods and treatment procedures.

Through doctoral studies, the graduate acquires such theoretical and methodological knowledge that he/she can design and be able to apply a solution to a scientific problem at the level of a given research in the field of internal medicine. They will learn the principles of independent and team scientific work, formulation of problems and their solution at a high ethical level. Masters the methods of statistical analysis of results. Knows the legal aspects of experimental and clinical research.

The graduate has deep theoretical knowledge about the current state of research in the field of Internal Medicine and its subcommittees. He should have his own system of creative scientific thinking. Masters the methodology of scientific work. Can analyse new scientific knowledge, process, and evaluate the results of laboratory and instrumental examination methods. Through the results of his work, he contributes to the development of internal medicine.



Graduates of the doctoral study program are currently in demand mainly in the hospitals (departments of Internal Medicine and its specialised fields). Graduates of doctoral studies can apply within the Ministry of Education as university teachers or researchers at universities with a focus on medicine, health sciences, and public health.

Graduates of the presented study program at the CUFM in Bratislava master a wide range of scientific methods used in biomedical research in the fields of internal medicine, which can apply creatively in their work and thus contribute to the development of scientific knowledge. They have the prerequisites for successful application in leading teams in a wide range of scientific and research institutions focused on medical or pharmaceutical sciences, they are professionally prepared to work creatively in scientific institutes of the Slovak Academy of Sciences at various levels of research.

Other professions, which, however, also require the completion of an accredited specialised study program is the medical profession - physician (internal medicine, cardiology, angiology, endocrinology, diabetology and metabolic disorders, gastroenterology, hepatology, nephrologist and allergology, pneumology, infectology, haematology and transfusiology, oncology, geriatrics, occupational medicine, physiatry and balneology.


Evaluation of the study programme quality by employers:

A request to assess the quality of the submitted study programme was sent to selected employers to express their opinion on the need for a new doctoral study programme focused on medical biology and clinical genetics. Delivered letters are available at the Department of scientific-research activities, doctoral studies and international relationships of the Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Bratislava.