Institute of Epidemiology

Information about institute

Educational activity

Institute of Epidemiology provides education for:

  • study branches General Medicine and Dentistry  - Basic epidemiology of infectious diseases and Epidemiology of chronic non-communicable diseases, including the  characteristics of selected diseases of epidemiological importance (emerging diseases, nosocomial infections, etc.) with actual epidemiologic situation in Slovakia, Europe and worldwide with preventive and repressive measures

Institute of Epidemiology provided in the past also education for:

  • Nursing - Bachelor´s and Master´s study
  • Physiotherapy - Bachelor´s study
  • Laboratory investigation methods in health care - Bachelor´s study
  • Midwifery - Bachelor´s and Master´s study
  • Public Health - Bachelor´s and Master´s study

Science and research activity

Science and research activity of the Institute is targeted on primary and secondary prevention preferably on communicable diseases.                                                                                               

Institute of Epidemiology is intent on relevant questions of some bacterial zoonotic infections more than half of a century realizing diagnostics and epidemiologic long term surveillance. It is the only institution realizing research work on problems of leptospiroses and tularaemia,   thirty years dealing with diagnostics and epidemiologic aspects of  legionellosis  and more than twenty five years on selected questions of Lyme borreliosis  in the Slovak Republic.

The staff of the Institute of Epidemiology accomplishes long-term investigations of natural foci of leptospirosis and tularaemia in the whole Slovakia – it makes inquiry of new foci and surveys the old ones. It identifies animal reservoirs of these two infections and relevant arthropod-vectors (tularaemia) of their etiological agents. Research is focused on isolation and identification of agents on sub-generic level by classic bacteriological methods and PCR or in cooperation with other scientific institutions by other molecular-biologic methods, too. The Institute maintains the collections of Francisella tularensis and Leptospira spp. strains (more than 200 reference strains representing different leptospira serovars recognized by the Taxonomic Subcommittee on Leptospira). In cooperation with Institutes of the Slovak Academy of Sciences (which assure the trap of small terrestrial rodents and their identification) there has been gained valuable knowledge on the ecology of relevant pathogenic agents, their host-animals, arthropod-vectors and their dynamics with actual view on changing epidemiological characteristics of these both infections.

The Institute provides direct and indirect diagnostic methods (including PCR) for detection of legionella infection in the community as well as nosocomial cases with long-term national surveillance of legionellosis in Slovakia. One member of the Institute is the national contact point for surveillance of Legionnaires’ disease in Europe through ECDC net (ELDSNet) with duty of cases notification from Slovakia and supply of information about risk assessment of legionella infections in hospitals and civil buildings. This is performed by investigation of water samples and proposal of measures against legionella colonisation of water systems, often in cooperation with public health service. Important was in this item the collaboration on preparing the regulation for legionella contamination in health-care facilities in Slovakia. The same environmental sampling and risk assessment is done in the case of notification of travel associated legionnaire´s disease (TALD) with exposure in our country (EWGLINet) through the same responsible person (national contact).

Of special concern is examination of oncological patients (also children) or individuals with immunosuppression for risk of hospital acquired legionella infection. Significant in this sense is monitoring of water colonisation of health care facilities also as preventive aspect.

Among non-communicable diseases are of special interests epidemiology of orofacial clefts, risk factors of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes type II., incidence and prevalence studies of myasthenia gravis in Slovakia and risk factors contributing to osteoporosis in out-patients in cooperation with other institutes and clinics.

Obtained scientific results are published in professional journals and presented on conferences and symposia.

Therapeutic – preventive activity

Since many years, in the Institute of Epidemiology there is realized the diagnostics of human leptospiroses and tests for  diagnostics of Legionnaires´ disease for the whole territory of Slovakia, of tularaemia  and in the past of Lyme borreliosis (especially cases  with neuroborreliosis). Since 1970, in cooperation with the State Veterinary Institute in Bratislava, the complex surveillance of leptospiroses and tularaemia for the whole Slovakia have been yearly worked up, published and distributed to the institutions of human and veterinary medicine interested in the above and Public and Veterinary Health Services.

Institute of Epidemiology is responsible for diagnosis of legionella infections and notification of cases to European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control in Stockholm and for monitoring of  occurrence of travel associated legionellosis through international ELDSNet system.

Additional information

One scientist is the chairman of the Certification Committee for Poliomyelitis Eradication and one person is the member of the European working group for legionella infections (EWGLI) and national contact point for notification of cases to ECDC and cooperation in TALD occurrence with exposure in Slovakia.

 

 

History

 

Employees

Tel: 00421-2-90119 489                                                                       

Head of the Institute:

 

 

Assoc. prof. Margita Špaleková, MD, PhD.

epidemiologia.sekretariatfmed.uniba.sk

margita.spalekovafmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119493

Deputy Head:

 

 

Assoc. prof. Alexandra Bražinová, MD, PhD,MPH.

 

alexandra.brazinova@fmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119487

Secretary of the Inst.:

 

 

Martina Kotrbancová, Mgr. PhD.

martina.kotrbancova@fmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119496        

Typist:

 

 

Helena Beluská

epidemiologia.sekretariatfmed.uniba.sk

helena.beluskafmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119489

Readers:

 

 

Assoc. prof. Margita Špaleková, MD, PhD.,

Branch of Science - Epidemiology

epidemiologia.sekretariatfmed.uniba.sk

margita.spalekovafmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119493                                           

Lecturers:

 

 

Assoc. prof. Alexandra Bražinová, MD, PhD, MPH.

 

alexandra.brazinova@fmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119487

Branislav Vohnout, MD, PhD. – ptj. 

               

bvohnoutyahoo.com

 

Vanda Výrosteková, MD, PhD.

vanda.vyrostekovafmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119485

Mgr. Miriam Fulová, MD, PhD.

miriam.fulovafmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119491

Mgr. Martina Kotrbancová, PhD.

martina.kotrbancovafmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119496

RNDr. Jana Perželová, PhD.

 

PhDr. Mgr. Petra Vadovičová, PhD.

 

MUDr. Ľudmila Kutáková

 

jana.perzelovafmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119492

petra.vadovicovafmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119494

ludmila.kutakovafmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119486

Staff:

 

 

Katarína Podstavková

 

tel.: 02/90119494

Pavol Cáder

 

tel.: 02/90119507

 

Jana Makýšová

 

jana.makysovafmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119486

Božena Pavlovičová

 

bozena.pavlovicovafmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119496

Mgr. Miroslava Vaneková

miroslava.vanekova@fmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119492

Marta Dojčanová

 

 

 

Professor Emeritus:

 

 

Prof. Pavol Bakoss, MD, DrSc.,

Branch of Science - Epidemiology

pavol.bakossfmed.uniba.sk

tel.: 02/90119488

 

 

 

Grants and projects

 

Grants and projects in the last five years

 

Name of project:

 

 

No. of  project:

Principal investigator:

Study time:

 

Epidemiology and diagnostics of selected infectious diseases - tularemia, leptospiroses and legioneloses by classic and molekular biologic methods.

 

VEGA 1/0426/11

doc. RNDr. Darina Guryčová, PhD.

 

2011 - 2014

Name of project:

 

 

No. of  project:

Principal investigator:

Study time:

Mass  spectrometry MALDI-TOF as a new method for identification of Legionella spp.

 

UK/106/2015

Mgr. Martina Kotrbancová

 

2015

Name of project:

 

 

No. of  project:

Principal investigator:

Study time:

Validation of PCR for detection of DNA of pathogenic leptospires in vitro and  in  biological material.

 

UK/49/2015

RNDr. Jana Perželová

 

2015

Name of project:

 

 

No. of  project:

Principal investigator:

Study time:

Risk of legioneloses for oncologically diseased children

Project supported by League against cancer in Slovak Rep.

 

 

Assoc. prof. Margita Špaleková, MD, PhD.

2016

 

Cooperation on other projects:

 

Name of project:

 

No. of  project:

Principal investigator:

Study time:

 

MPH (Master of Public Health) curriculum development at Comenius University in Bratislava in English language anglickom jazyku.

ITMS code: 26140230009

Prof. Ľudmila Ševčíková, MD, CSc.

2013 - 2015

Name of project:

 

No. of  project:

Principal investigator:

Study time:

Efect of lyophilizate Cornus mas L. on cardiometabolic and inflammatory  parameters in  experimental metabolic syndrome

VEGA 2/0137/16 LF

Branislav Vohnout, MD, PhD.

2016 - 2018

 

 

 

Publication activity